Solid Waste Management

Solid Waste Management

Solid waste management is an important aspect in the sustainable development of tourism in a destination. The inappropriate and inefficient use of resources, problems of contamination and other negative impacts make it necessary for destinations to measure waste production and to manage its treatment. While a waste audit shows how much and which kind of waste there is, where it is produced and ends up (e.g., landfill, composting plants, etc.) it also allows to target tourism to assess its share to solid waste production. It furthermore helps destinations to stimulate circular economic processes, identify where reducing waste at the source is going to be most practicable and effective. Several indicators exist that allow destinations to monitor, inter alia, trends in solid waste production and recycling, development of waste services and on the perception of the cleanliness of a destination. 


Solid Waste Management, Excerpt from Indicators of Sustainable Development of Tourism Destinations, A Guidebook, World Tourism Organization (2004), pp.173–180.
Environmental Purity, Making tourism more sustainable, A Guide for policy makers, World Tourism Organization (2005), pp. 45–47.
Existence of policy instruments addressing environmental challenges of the tourism sector, Baseline Report on the Integration of Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns into Tourism Policies, World Tourism Organization, United Nations Environment (2017), pp. 40–45.
Managing environmental impacts, Guide for local authorities on developing sustainable tourism, World Tourism Organization (1998), pp. 122–126.
What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050, World Bank (2018).
A Manual for Water and Waste Management: What the Tourism Industry Can Do to Improve its Performance, United Nations Environment Programme (2003).


Measurement of the Municipal Waste Management in Mallorca, Presentation at the 2022 INSTO Workshop in Mallorca, by TIRME (04/2022).  
Real Circular Economy in Mallorca, Presentation at the Technical INSTO Webinar on Solid Waste Management, by TIRME (03/2022)  


Circular Economy in travel and tourism. A conceptual framework for a sustainable resilient and future proof industry transition, World Tourism Organization (2020).  
Tourism Food Value Chain and Circularity.  
Global Tourism Plastics Initiative.  
Green Growth Indicators, UN Environment Programme.  
Circularidad hotelera y competitividad: manual para la implementación de buenas prácticas, Fundación Impulsa Balears.  
Waste Management Intelligent Systems and Policies, Good Practices Guide, Promoting Innovation to Improve Waste Management at the Local Level, Interreg Europe (2022).  
Challenges for tourism in mountains and emerging issues, Mountain tourism–Towards a more sustainable path, Food and Agriculture Organization, World Tourism Organization (2021), pp. 18–27.  
Key Indicators for Monitoring the Circular Economy, Ministry of the Ecological Transition of France (2021)  
Circular Advantage – Innovative Business Models and Technologies to Create Value in a World without Limits to Growth, Accenture (2014)  
Measuring the Sustainability of Tourism (MST), UNWTO  
System of Environmental Economic Accounting (SEEA), United Nations