Pilot studies and country experiences

Pilot studies and country experiences are divided into 3 sections. Click on the corresponding country/institution to view more information.

Pilot studies under development in MST framework

  • Work towards pilot study:
    • MST Pilot Study Austria (2016)
    • Indicators measuring the sustainability of tourism - Austrian experiences
  • Past experiences:  
    • Eurostat Project - Methodological work on measuring the sustainable development of tourism
      The objective of this project is, based on the methodological work carried out in the field of tourism and environmental research, to put together a methodological manual for the measurement of the sustainable development of tourism and to test a selected number of indicators described in the manual.

  • Work on pilot study:
    • Linking the Canadian Tourism Satellite Account with the Canadian System Environmental-Economic Accounts
  • Past experiences:
    • Linking the Canadian Tourism Satellite Account and the Canadian System of Environmental and Resource Accounts to measure the environmental impact of tourism in Canada: An exploratory study for two pilot industries
      This paper presents the results of a pilot study that links two Canadian satellite accounts, the tourism and the environment accounts, to provide a first set of estimates of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for two tourism industries, air transportation and food and beverage services.

  • Work on pilot study:
    • Measuring Fiji's Sustainable Tourism - Feasibility Report
      Fiji is a significant tourism destination and, in turn, tourism contributes much to the nation’s economic structure and growth. At the same time, Fiji’s national policies and plans recognises that continued growth in this sector needs to be balanced with the broader social and environmental context in which tourism activity takes place. To this end, tourism is recognised as a core part of national development planning and a key sector in its forthcoming national development plan and the Green Growth Framework for Fiji.
  • Relevant policy documents: A Green growth Framework for Fiji
    This Green Growth Framework is an innovative tool to accelerate integrated and inclusive sustainable development that inspires action at all levels in the country to build environmental resilience, build social improvement and reduce poverty, build economic growth, and build resilience to the anticipated adverse affects of climate change

  • Work on pilot study:
    • Italy's MST Pilot Study
    • Starting an MST Pilot Study in Italy
    • Environmentally extended tourism satellite accounts for Italy
  • Past experiences:
    • Costantino C. – Tudini A. (2005), "How to develop an accounting framework for ecologically sustainable tourism", in Lanza A. – Markandya A. – Pigliaru F. (editors), The Economics of Tourism and Sustainable Development, The Fondazione ENI Enrico Mattei series on Economics and the Environment, Edward Elgar, UK, USA
    • Tourism and sustainability: macro-accounting approach for measuring the links between tourism and environment
      The paper presents the implementation of one specific option considered in the IRTS 2008 tourism sustainability: to incorporate tourism as a specific set of industries and consumers within environmental hybrid flow accounts of the SEEA. Actually it is proposed, as a way of doing that, to integrate hybrid environmental flow accounts specific for tourism and elements of the TSA in a single accounting framework

  • Work on pilot study:
    • Cultural Tourim in Archeaelogical Zones
  • Past experiences:
    • Link between Environmental Accounts and the Tourism Satellite Account 
    • Towards the “greening” of the Tourism Satellite Account. Mexico’s proposal

  • Work on pilot study:
    • Green growth indicators for the tourism sector in the Netherlands
    • Connecting TSA and SEEA
  • Past experiences:
    • Ecosystem Accounts Limburg

  • Work on pilot study:
  • Experimental Measurement of Sustainable Tourism Indicators - Using the Input-Output Tables: The Philippine Experience

Work on pilot study:

  • Developing Environmental Measures for Tourism in the Kingdom of Saudin Arabia

Past experiences:

  • Eurostat project - Methodological work on measuring the sustainable development of tourism

  • Work on pilot study
    • Developing a statistical framework for Measuring Sustainable Tourism (MST)
  • Relevant policy documents: Sustainable development indicators

Country experiences

  • Statistical Tools to Measure Tourism from a Social Focus

  • Information Paper: An Experimental Ecosystem Account for the Great Barrier Reef Region, 2015

  • Monitoring and Follow up on TSA Unit

  • Developing criteria and indicators for the sustainable development of tourism destinations in Germany

  • Contribution to UNEP - Profile of Sustainability in some Mediterranean tourism destinations: The evaluating framework of the tourism activity
    This document presents an operational approach to the notion of sustainable tourism in the context of sustainable development and to the creation of a framework for the evaluation of tourism activity’s performance as well as its impact to the host area, the Tourism Sustainability Assessment and Policy Approach. Moreover, it gives the guidelines about data and other information that has to be collected in order to create the sustainability profile of a destination.
  • Towards an Observatory and a "Quality Label" of Tourism Sustainability in the Mediterranean
    The work presents an overall framework, the Tourism Sustainability Assessment and Policy Approach, a methodology based on an extended version of the DPSIR approach, with common definitions of sustainable tourism and sustainable destinations. Next, a wide range of economic, social and environmental variables and indicators are proposed to measure supply and demand in tourism, the results and performance of tourism and the impact of tourism on the destination’s sustainability.

  • Canary Islands: An extended from MST at the subnational scale - Lessons from a pilot study
  • Sustainable Tourism - Spanish Experience
  • Region of Andalusia: Sustainable Tourism Development Indicator System for Andalusia

International initiatives

  • EU Environment, Life Programme:
    • ECEAT, ECOTRANS (2004) The Visit initiative: Tourism eco-labelling in Europe – moving the market towards sustainability
    • EU GROWTH, Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs: The European Tourism Indicator System (ETIS) 
      This work presents a step-by-step guide to the implementation and use of the European Tourism Indicator System for tourism destinations after introducing the idea of sustainable destination management. A synopsis of the Core and Optional indicators and an overview for using the Destination Dataset are also presented
  • Eurostat: Methodological work on measuring the sustainable development of tourism

  • EEA is developing a reporting mechanism based on indicators linking tourism and environment (TOUERM) in order to provide a more comprehensive picture of  tourism in the frame of monitoring and informing on pressures and impacts as well as sustainability trends of  European industry sectors.
  • Webpage


  • MOVE2015 Conference Proceedings, November 2015, Puerto Rico

  • Indicators for Measuring Competitiveness in Tourism: A Guidance Document
    This work provides a tool guide for countries to evaluate and measure tourism competitiveness over the time and inform policies. Within a new framework for measurement based around a shared definition of tourism competitiveness, it proposes and describes a set of core, supplementary and future development indicators.