Tourism employment data is fundamental to understand labour markets and to formulate relevant job creation policies, promote employment opportunities, plan workforce needs as well as to contribute to human resources the development addressing education and relevant training needs. A motivated and skilled workforce is key element for the competitiveness and sustainability of a destination.  

In addition, aspects of gender equity and decent work are important aspects for socio-cultural sustainability. Relevant sex-disaggregated data should allow to identify the share of women employed in tourism and owning tourism enterprises, the level of seniority of the employment and existing pay- gaps. It also enables the monitoring of the quality of jobs and subsequently the wellbeing of the employee and family. 

However, the measurement of tourism labour markets remains a challenge given the different measurement methods and data sources at the international, national and sub-national level. This often results in inconsistent and fragmented outcomes and does not allow for comparability among destinations. 



Gender Equity, Employment, Excerpt from Indicators of Sustainable Development of Tourism Destinations, A Guidebook, World Tourism Organization (2004), pp. 6871 and 119123
Measuring Employment in the Tourism Industries, Guide with Best Practices, World Tourism Organization (2014).
Sources and Methods: Labour Statistics – Employment in the Tourism Industries (Special Edition), International Labour Office, World Tourism Organization (2008). 
Employment, Global Report on Women in Tourism, Second edition, World Tourism Organization (2019), pp. 30–46.
Employment Quality, Making Tourism more Sustainable, A Guide for Policy Makers, World Tourism Organization (2005), pp. 30–32.
Employment in Tourism by Age, Education Level and Type of Contracts, Indicators for Measuring Competitiveness in Tourism: A Guidance Document, OECD Tourism Papers, No. 2013/02, pp.17, 38 and 50. 
International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics, Chapter 7 Employment in the tourism industries (p.61ff), United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2008)


Technical INSTO Webinar on Employment, Various presentations by INSTO members and experts
Introductory Webinar on Women's Employment Data in Tourism, UNWTO (2022)


Tourism Employment - Project Powered by Telefónica, UNWTO Global Tourism Dashboard, UNWTO
Employment – ILOSTAT, ILO.
Tourism Industries – Employment – Statistics Explained (europa.eu), European Union.
The EU Tourism Labour Market in 2020, Eurostat
Measuring the Sustainability of Tourism (MST), UNWTO
System of Environmental Economic Accounting (SEEA), United Nations
Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines, Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines for the Public Sector in Tourism, World Tourism Organization (2022)
Tourism Satellite Account: Recommended Methodological Framework, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2010)