Climate change | New report
New report: Transport-related CO2 emissions from the tourism sector – Modelling results
UNWTO and ITF embarked on this research project with the aim of providing evidence of the CO2 emissions from tourism and the implications of the different modes of transport.
Tourism has to define its own “high-ambition scenario”; a scenario where tourism would transform towards low emission and highly efficient operations.
The report provides insights into the evolution of tourism demand across the different global regions up to the year 2030. It also presents the expected transport-related CO2 emissions of the tourism sector against the current ambition scenario for the decarbonization of transport and sets the basis to scale up climate action and ambition in the tourism sector.
- Against a current ambition scenario, by 2030 transport-related CO2 emissions from tourism will grow 25% from 2016 levels (from 1597 Mt of CO2 to 1998 Mt of CO2).This growth in CO2 emissions will represent 5,3% of all man-made emissions in 2030 (from 5% in 2016).
- Intra-regional (within the same region) international travel represents 80% of all international arrivals both in 2016 and 2030 and is predominantly done by air, followed by car. Inter-regional (across regions) travel therefore represents 20% of all travel and is almost exclusively (95%) done by air.
- Transport-related emissions from international tourism are expected to grow 45% from 2016 to 2030 (from 458 Mt CO2 to 665 Mt CO2). Transport-related emissions from domestic tourism are expected to grow by 21% from 2016 to 2030 (from 913 Mt CO2 to 1103 Mt CO2).
- Transport-related CO2 emissions of the tourism sector are 22% of the whole emissions from transport and therefore enhanced cooperation with the transport sector is essential to support the implementation of a high-ambition scenario.
At the same time, tourism has to determine its own high-ambition scenario, beyond transport; a scenario where tourism would transform towards low emission and highly efficient operations.