2020: A year in review

COVID-19 and Tourism

COVID-19 and Tourism

Tourism in Pre-Pandemic Times

1.5 billion


International Tourists

International tourist arrivals in 2019
(10th consecutive year of sustained growth)

MILLIONS OF JOBS


Millions of Jobs

With a high share of women (54% of the workforce) and youth
 

US$ 1.7 trillion


Export Revenues

  • 3rd largest export category
  • 50% of total exports for many small developing countries
Growing Faster than the World Economy


Growing Faster than the World Economy

Tourism is a key sector in many advanced and emerging economies

The Impact of COVID-19 on International Tourism

  • Wuhan lockdown

  • WHO declares the outbreak a global health emergency

  • WHO declares the outbreak a pandemic

  • 100% of worldwide destinations have introduced travel restrictions

  • 27% of all destinations worldwide keep their borders completely closed for international tourism

INTERNATIONAL TOURIST ARRIVALS

 

Unprecedented fall of international tourism

INTERNATIONAL TOURIST ARRIVALS

 

ESTIMATED IMPACT

 

International tourism back to levels of 30 years ago

International tourist arrivals

-70% to -75%
Loss of international tourist arrivals
Loss in international tourism receipts


Loss in international tourism receipts
US$ 1.1 trillion
International tourism could plunge to levels of


International tourism could plunge to levels of
1990s
Estimated loss in global GDP


Estimated loss in global GDP
over US$ 2 trillion
Loss of international tourist arrivals


Loss of international tourist arrivals
1 billion
direct tourism jobs at risk

100-120 million
direct tourism jobs at risk

SELECTED TOURISM INDICATORS 2020

LOOKING AHEAD

2021–2024 SCENARIOS

2021–2024 SCENARIOS 2 ½ TO 4 YEARS TO RECOVER 2019 LEVELS INTERNATIONAL TOURIST ARRIVALS

 

When do you expect international tourism to return to pre-pandemic 2019 levels in your country?

Most tourism experts do not expect international tourism to return to pre-COVID levels before 2023

What are the main factors weighing on the recovery of international tourism?

Travel restrictions, slow virus containment and low consumer confidence: main barriers to the recovery of international tourism

Share of destinations with complete closure of borders, by region, 2020 (%)

Progressive decline in number of completely closed destinations

WHAT HAS CHANGED?

Changes in traveller behaviour in times of COVID-19

-short-lived trends or here to stay?-

Closer

Domestic tourism has shown positive signs in many markets since people tend to travel closer. Travellers go for 'staycations' or vacations close to home.

New concerns

Health & Safety measures and cancellation policies are consumers' main concerns.

Get away

Nature, Rural Tourism and Road Trips have emerged as popular travel choices due to travel limitations and the quest for open-air experiences.

Last minute

Last-minute bookings have increased due to volatility of pandemic-related events and the travel restrictions.

Younger travellers most resilient

Change in demographics:
travel recovery has been stronger among younger segments. 'Mature' travellers and retirees will be the most impacted segments.

More responsible

Sustainability, authenticity and localhood:
travellers have been giving more importance to creating a positive impact on local communities, increasing looking for authenticity

UNWTO
SDGs
Response

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