world tourism day

Tourism Development Organization TABRIZ Municipality TABRIZ City East Azerbaijan province is a large part of Iran's country, which has 46929 square kilometers. The province is located at the North West corner of Iran Plateau. Aras River and the Republics of Azerbaijan, Nakhichevan and Armenia are on its northern border. Urmia Lake and West Azerbaijan province are on its Western border. In the south the Zanjan province and in the east Ardabil province are its neighbors. Coordinates of Tabriz in decimal degrees Latitude: 38.0800000° Longitude: 46.2919000° Coordinates of Tabriz in degrees and decimal minutes Latitude: 38°4.8′ N Longitude: 46°17.514′ E One of the most important features of East Azarbaijan climate is considerable climate variability. Tabriz is the most populated city in the north east of Iran, one of the historical capitals of Iran, and in present capital of East Azerbaijan Province. Located in the Quru River valley between the long ridge of the volcanic cones of the Sahand and Eynali mountains. Tabriz' elevation range between 1,350 and 1,600 meters above sea level. The valley opens up into a plain that gently slopes down to the eastern shores flake, 60 kilometers (37 miles) to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers, the city is considered a summer resort. Tabriz is the World Carpet and Crafts City, also the city is selected by Organization of Islamic Cooperation City of Tourism for 2018. Tabriz metropolitan area has a population of 1.9 million. The population consists mostly of Iranian Azerbaijanis who speak the Azerbaijani language. It is a major heavy industry hub for automobile, machine tools, refineries and petrochemical, textile, and cement production industries. The city is famous for its handicrafts, including hand-woven rugs and jewelry. It is known for locally made confectioneries, chocolates, dried nuts, and traditional food. Tabriz is also an academic hub and a site for some of the most prestigious academic and cultural institutes in the northwest of Iran. The city has a long and turbulent history with its oldest civilization sites dating back to 1,500 BC. It contains many historical monuments representing the transition of Iranian architecture in its long historical timelines. Most of the preserved historical sites in the city belong to Ilkhanid (of Mongol Empire), Safavid, and Qajararea, among them is the grand Bazaar of Tabriz which is inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 2010. From the early modern era, the city was pivotal in the development, movement, and economy of three neighboring regions, namely that of the Caucasus, Eastern Anatolia, and central Iran. From the 19th century, it became the most important city in the country in numerous respects. As the closest Iranian hub to Europe, many aspects of the early modern modernization in Iran started in Tabriz. Prior to the forced ceding of Iran's Caucasian territories to Imperial Russia following the two Russo-Persian Wars of the first half of the 19th century, Tabriz was the main city in the implementation of Iranian rule for its Caucasian territories due to its proximity. During almost the entire Qajar period (up to 1925), it functioned as the seat for the crown prince as well. Tabriz historic bazaar complex Tabriz historic bazaar complex, the largest indoor collection of Iran and the world, as a city block, is the most important and the most perfect social organization of Iran's markets. The collection includes different commercial, religious, cultural, health, sports subsets and the residence for other traders in the market itself, and old merchants' houses around the market is the masterpieces of Iranian architecture. Architecture style, arches and its high domes, wide variety of interlocking brick structures, shops placement, inns and Timcheh plurality, the existence of a variety of occupations has made this market as an excellent example of trading and Islamic and orient living. The naming of Bazar elements was based on the profession of market traders and artisans, or the name of the market founder, according to position and market place, In terms of origin or religious of merchants and also, merchants and also sometimes has been named due to the size and shape of the site. The Tabriz bazaar complex is composed of different parts such as: orders, corridors, Sara (Khan), inn, Timcheh, head (four leads),Square, bazaar and monument, mosque, baths, schools, Hussaynia, gymnasium, library, museum, icehouse, Market's bridge. The largest market dome is Timcheh Amir's dome and Timcheh Mozaffariyeh is the most beautiful part of it. The width of the market is between four to five meters long and its roof height is five to six meters, which is shorter than the roof of markets in tropical regions. This collection as one of the most beautiful and largest interconnected markets, is a document to the originality of trade and architecture in the East. Kandovan village Kandovan village on the Sultan Daghi hillside with 2 villages in Turkey and United State, is one of the three rocky villages in the world with exclusive architecture. The people’s lives in this village is an exception and its difference with 2 other villages. There are sharp pyramidal cliffs with the holes on their irregular surfaces in this village which have been created due to volcano interactions in the summer region of the Sahand range of mountain. These cliffs that have been created such as Hives cells and also known as Karan, are related to the 7th century AD and even to the time before Islam in some cases. Kandovan village has cold and long winter, thus this place was considered as an appropriate haven in the face of cold and hot weather and alien invasion. Generally,Most of these Karans has two floors and in some cases, three and even four floors that they are not related to each other from the inside and have been created based on the forced follow process and nature. The rural people have created the house, home range, warehouse and workshop for themselves within these cliffs. Multi-Storey houses and stairways generally intended that connect them to each other by the steep narrow streets. This village has a mosque, bath, school and mill which the mosque Karan is one of the largest Karans in the village. Mineral water springs with the lowest percentage of weight for the treatment of kidney diseases, unique architecture of houses, lush and beautiful valleys, pleasant weather, high grade dairy and honey of mountain and crafts of the region has turned this area into one of the tourist regions of Iran. TOURISM@TABRIZ.IR